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Ese Bob Marley yari muntu ki
Publish Date: lundi 30 novembre 2015
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Bob Marley ufite amazina ye yose ya Robert Nesta Marley, ni umuhanzi w’icyamamare wamenyekanye mu njyana ya Reggae kandi akunzwe cyane kubera ubutumwa bukubiye mu bihangano bye.

Bob Marley yavutse tariki ya 6 Gashyantare mu 1945, avukira mu gihugu cya Jamayika ariko aza gutabaruka taliki ya 11 Gicurasi 1981 mu mujyi wa Miami muri Leta zunze ubumwe z’Amerika.

Bob Marley yabaye umuhanzi wagize uruhare mu kumenyekanisha injyana ya Reggae ndetse anagurisha ibihangano byinshi muri iyo njyana kurusha bagenzi be baje bayimusangamo.

Uyu muhanzi abyarwa na Cedella Marley, umwirabura w’umunyajamayikakazi na Narval Marley akaba Umwongereza wo muri Jamayika.

Amaze kugira imyaka 5 y’amavuko, se yamujyanye mu mujyi ngo abashe kwiga ariko nyuma aza guhura n’ubuzima butari bwiza kuko nyina yaje kumusanga mu muhanda wa Kingston akorera akazi umukecuru wamutumaga, hanyuma nyina ahitamo kumwambura se.

Nyuma y’igihe gito kandi Bob Marley yaje kuva mu cyaro ajya gushakisha ubuzima mu mujyi wa Trenchtown ahahurira na Neville Livingston wanitwaga Bunny Wailer na Winston Hubert McIntosh uzwi nka Peter Tosh bafatanyije guhimba no kuririmba.

Ibi byatumye mu 1962 Bob Marley abasha gusohora indirimbo ya mbere yise “Judje not”, aha akaba yari afite imyaka 17 y’amavuko. Yaje gufata umwanzuro wo gukorana itsinda na bagenzi be bavuzwe hejuru baryita “Wailers” bisobanura “Ababibyi”, bikaba byari mu mwaka w’1963, ndetse icyo gihe basinyana kontaro na “Studio One” mu 1964. Imwe muri alubumu ze zamumenyekanishije ikanagurwa kurusha izindi ni iyo yise « no woman no cry » ifite ubutumwa buhumuriza umugore uba mu buzima bubi no guhohoterwa.

Umuhanzi Bob Marley yahuye n’imbogamizi

Mu mbogamizi Bob Marley yagiye agira harimo kuba mu itangira ibihangano bye bitarakunzwe, no kuba nta muterankunga yagize kugira ngo amufashe mu icuruzwa ry’ibihangano bye, bityo indirimbo ze ntizicuruzwe cyane.

Kubera izo nzitizi urubuga Wikipedia dukesha aya makuru ku buzima bwa Bob Marley, bivugwa ko byamuteye ubukene ku buryo kuba mu mujyi n’umugore we yari yarashatse Ritha Anderson hamwe n’abana babo babiri byagoranye bituma asubira ku ivuko, aho hari mu 1967.

Mu 1969 Bob Marley yerekeje muri Amerika abona akazi mu ruganda rukora ibijyanye n’imodoka hanyuma umugore we n’abana baza kuhamusanga ndetse nyuma yaho anakora muri imwe mu mahoteli yaho ariko anabivanga na muzika.

Nubwo yagiye yamamara akanakundwa bagerageje kumwica

Ubwo hari ku itariki 3 Ukuboza mu 1976, Bob Marley yari agiye kwicirwa mu mujyi wa Kingston mbere ya konseri yari agiye gukora, mu gihe abantu batandatu bafite intwaro bamutegeye iwe, bamurasa isasu ryamufashe ukuboko, irindi mu gituza, mu itako, irindi rikomeretsa umugore we Ritha mu mutwe ariko ntiryamuhitana.

Bob Marley kandi yagiye akurikiranwaho kuvugira abirabura babayeho mu buzima bubi ashaka kugaragaza amateka yabo. mu bihe bya nyuma by’ubuzima bwe kuri iyi si, Bob Marley yinjiye idini ry’aba Ortodoxe bo muri Etiyopiya anifuza gusoreza ubuzima bwe muri Etiyopiya ntibyamuhira, kuko yaje kugwa i Miami ku ya 11 Gicurasi 1981, ashyingurwa ku italiki ya 21 Gicurasi.

Uyu muhanzi yatabarutse asize abana 11 bazwi harimo abo yabyaranye n’umugore we Ritha hamwe nabo yabyaye hanze. Muri abo bana kandi hari n’abakurikije umwuga wa se w’ubuhanzi aribo : Ky-Mani Marley, Damian Marley, Ziggy Marley na Julian Marley. uwitwa Rohan Marley we yabaye umukinnyi wabigize umwuga mu mupira w’amaguru muri Amerika.

M.Fils

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