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Byinshi utamenye kuri Coup d’Etat ya Gregoire Kayibanda n’uko yishwe
Publish Date: jeudi 12 novembre 2015
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Coup d’Etat yo kuwa 05 Nyakanga yakurikiwe na poropaganda zo kubeshya zari zigamije kwizeza ko Habyarimana yari amaze kurokoka umugambi wo kumwivugana wari ugiye gushyirirwa mu bikorwa mu rugo kwa Kayibanda, kandi ko n’abandi basirikare bakuru bakomoka mu majyaruguru bari ku rutonde rw’abagomba kwicwa. Abanditsi banyuranye, nka Bonaventure K. Mureme bagaragaje neza uko ibintu byagenze.

Bagaragaje bihagije ko cyari ikinyoma gikabije cyatewe n’uko abateguraga coup d’etat bari banze ko habaho ibiganirompaka. Urugero, byavuzwe ko uwitwa Captain Bizimana André ariwe wagerageje gutangira Habyarimana ariko bikamunanira ngo kubera ko Habyarimana yari afite ibigango. Nyamara kandi iyo ugereranyije ayo makuru n’uko Captain Bizimana yatawe muri yombi nyuma yaho gato, ibyo Habyarimana yamuvuzeho ko yari agiye kumuhagarika, bita agaciro.

Captain Bizimana yafashwe n’umusirikare wari ufite ipeti rya Sergent Major witwa Mbonigaba Guillaume wari umukanishi, akanaba mukuru wa major Rwendeye. Aha Mbonigaba avuga ko yatumwe kwa Captain Bizimana wari utuye iruhande rwa Ecole Belge, agakomanga Bizimana akaza gufungura. Mbonigaba ngo yabwiye Bizimana ko general Habyarimana amushaka byihutirwa kuri état-major.

Captain Bizimana ngo yinjiye mu nzu yambara neza afata aga carnet yandikagamo utuntu arasohoka. Yagiye kwegera imodoka ye, sergent major Mbonigaba amusaba ko yamutwara muri jeep yari ajemo, ibintu Bizimana yakiriye n’umutima ukeye kuko nta kintu yikekaga.

Ubwo baragiye bageze Nyabugogo Bizimana abona ko batagiye kuri Etat Major ahubwo bagiye mu Ruhengeri. Ubwo nibwo yatangiye gushaka kwanga bahita bamushyiraho amapingu.

Urupfu rwa Kayibanda

Urupfu rwa Kayibanda ubwarwo narwo rwavuzweho byinshi bitandukanye, ku buryo kwemeza ikintu cyaba cyaramuhitanye bitapfa koroha, keretse nka Habyarimana azutse akavuga ukuri kwa nyako k’ukuntu yapfuye kuko nkeka ko ariwe muntu wari ufite amakuru ya nyayo ku rupfu rwa se wabo wa batisimu.

Umusirikare wari ufite ipeti rya caporal bise Giti kubw’umutekano we, akaba yarakomokaga i Byumba, yari umwe mu basirikare bari bashinzwe kurinda mu rugo rwa Kayibanda ubwo yicwaga. Ku ruhande rumwe, nk’uko umwanditsi Bonaventure Mureme avuga, Gregoire Kayibanda yapfuye mu gitondo cyo kuwa 15 Ukuboza 1976 yishwe na Elie Sagatwa afashijwe n’abasirikare barindaga Kayibanda barimo Giti, bakaba baramwicishije imigeri ya botine bamukubitaguye mu mbavu bakazimena.

Nyuma yaho ngo aba basirikare babahaye avance ku mushahara wabo w’imyaka ibiri boherezwa mu makomini bakomokamo ndetse babuzwa no kuyasohokamo ukundi. Nk’uko Mureme akomeza avuga, ngo gutabwa muri yombi kw’aba basirikare ku gicamunsi cyo kuwa 15 Ukuboza 1976 ngo rwari urwiyerurutso.

Nyuma y’imyaka ibiri y’ubushomeri, Giti yagiye gusaba akazi k’izamu Umubiligi wari umaze gufungura chantier muri komini y’iwabo kubera ko atari yemerewe kuyisohokamo.

Muri icyo gihe nibwo Giti yamennye ibanga ritari gupfa kumenyekana mu mateka y’u Rwanda. Giti avuga ko Kayibanda yanizwe na Elie Sagatwa mu gitondo cyo kuwa 15 Ukuboza 1976, hanyuma abasirikare barindaga urugo rwe barimo na Giti bakaza kumurangiza bamunyukanyuka na botine zabo imbavu bakazijanjagura.

Andi makuru avuga ko Kayibanda yari yaroherejwe muri Rwerere mu Ruhengeri, hanyuma umugore we akaza kwitaba Imana mu rugo iwe i Kavumu hafi ya Gitarama. Kayibanda ngo yari yarakatiwe igifungo cya burundu hifashishijwe iteka N° 0001/ 74/ CM ry’urukiko rwa gisirikare ryo kuwa 29 Kamena 1974 bisabwe na Habyarimana Juvenal.

Basangiraga bagambanirana Habyarimana na Kayibanda

Ngo Kayibanda yaje gupfira iwe kuwa 15 Ukuboza 1976. Amakuru avuga ko Kayibanda yaje kumva ababara hafi y’umutima, hanyuma umuhungu we, Pio abimenyesha abamurindaga bahise bahamagara umuganga wo mu bitaro bya Kabgayi.

Uwo muganga utari warigeze avuraho umukuru w’igihugu na rimwe, yahageze ahagana saa moya z’ijoro hanyuma mu minota igera nko kw’icumi yahamaze, yahise asohoka avuga ko Kayibanda nta kibazo gikomeye afite amwandikira imiti yakuwe muri pharmacie y’ibitaro. Muri iryo joro ngo Kayibanda yaje gukomeza kuribwa, bigeze nka saa kumi za mugitondo Kayibanda aba ararangiye. Hakaba hari kuwa 15 Ukuboza 1976.

Ngayo amateka y’ihirikwa rya repubulika ya mbere n’urupfu rwa Gregoire Kayibanda twabashije kubegeranyiriza uko bivugwa gutandukanye, ariko hakaba nta wapfa kwemeza ibiri ukuri n’ibinyoma cyeretse habayeho iperereza ryimbitse rikozwe n’abantu badafite aho babogamiye.

Umwanditsi wacu

IBITEKEREZO
Nkusipeter

Muzatubwire nukuntu Habyarimana yahiritswe.ariko njye mbona ari nkigihano yahawe.kuko burya amaraso nta wayavusha ngo bimuhire..kandi anwe yari abizi ko yakoze nabi.niyo mpamvu nabakindaguye abatutsi bishyuye inshuro 100. ariko kandi kuva za 2000, ko igihugu kirimo umutekano kuki abanyarwanda bakomeza gupfa ?ndebera nawe iriya mirambo mu rweru, urebe ibikorerwa za Kami, murindi n'ahandi ?ariko nkabantu bahembwa ariya mafaranga y'amaraso buriya bararya bikamanuka koko ?nziko bitinda bitebuke bazayaruka.


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